The word ergonomics originates from the Greek word “ergon” which means work and “nomos” which means laws. It’s the “laws of work” or “study of work”. Great ergonomic structure expels inconsistencies between the work and the specialist and makes the ideal workplace.
Historically, ergonomics (ergon + nomos), or “the study of work,” was originally and proposed and defined by the Polish scientist B. W. Jastrzebowski (1857) as the scientific discipline with a very broad scope and wide subject of interests and applications, encompassing all aspects of human activity, including labour, entertainment, reasoning, and dedication (Karwowski 1991, 2001). In his paper published in the journal Nature and Industry (1857), Jastrzebowski divided work into two main categories: useful work, which brings improvement for the common good, and the harmful work that, brings deterioration (discreditable work).
Over the past years Human Engineering Factors, a term that is used synonymously with ergonomics and denoted as Human Engineering Factors ergonomics (HFE), has been evolving as a unique and independent discipline that focuses on the nature of human—artifact interactions, viewed from the unified perspective of the science, engineering, design, technology, and management of human-compatible systems, including a variety of natural and artificial products, processes, and living environments (Karwowski, 2005).
The International Ergonomics Association (IEA, 2003) defines ergonomics (or Human Engineering Factors) as the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of the interactions among humans and other elements of a system and the profession that applies theory, principles, data, and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance. Human Engineering Factors professionals contribute to the design and evaluation of tasks, jobs, products, environments, and systems to make them compatible with the needs, abilities, and limitations of people. Ergonomics discipline promotes a holistic, human-cantered approach to work systems design that considers the physical, cognitive, social, organizational, environmental, and other relevant factors (Grandjean, 1986; Wilson and Corlett, 1995; Sanders and McCormick, 1993; Chapanis, 1995, 1999; Salvendy, 1997; Karwowski, 2001; Vicente, 2004; Stanton et al., 2004).
Ergonomics is employed to fulfill the two goals of health and productivity. It’s relevant in the design of such things as safe furniture and easy-to-use interfaces to machines and equipment. Ergonomics design is necessary to prevent repetitive strain injuries, which can develop over time and can lead to long-term disability. Ergonomics means “the laws of work” (Murrell, 1971; Sluchak, 1992). Ergonomics is concerned with the ‘fit’ between the user, equipment and their environments. It takes account of the users’ capabilities and limitations in seeking to ensure that tasks, functions, information and the environment suit each user. To access the fit between a person and the used technology, ergonomists consider the job (activity) being done and the demands on the user; the equipment used (its size, shape, and how appropriate it is for the task), and the information used (how it is presented, accessed, and changed).
Ergonomics draws on many disciplines in its study of humans and their environments, including anthropometry, biomechanics, mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, industrial design, information design, kinesiology, physiology, and psychology. There exist domains of specialization within the discipline, which represent deeper competencies in specific human attributes or characteristics of human interaction.
Domains of Ergonomics:
As indicated by the International Ergonomics Association, there are three wide areas of ergonomics
Physical ergonomics is worried about human anatomical, anthropometric, physiological, and biomechanical qualities as they identify with physical action. Significant themes incorporate working stances, materials taking care of, repetitive movements, job-related musculoskeletal issues, working environment design, security, and wellbeing.
Cognitive ergonomics is worried about mental procedures, for example, observation memory, thinking, and engine reaction, as they influence collaborations among people and different components of a framework. Pertinent points incorporate mental workload, skill performance, decision making, human-PC connection, human unwavering quality, work pressure, and training as these may identify with the human framework plan.
Organizational ergonomics is worried about the improvement of the socio-technical framework, including its hierarchical structures, strategies, and procedures. Relevant points incorporate communication, group asset the board, work configuration, design of working occasions, participatory structure, teamwork, community ergonomics, helpful work, new work ideal models, virtual associations, telecommuting, and quality administration.
For Citing this article use:
- Gomathi, K. (2019). Effect of ergonomics on employee well being and retention in garment industry.