Promoting sustainable consumption and production is important to achieve sustainable development. Sustainable development aims to achieve long-term economic growth that is consistent with environmental and social needs. As defined by the Oslo Symposium in 1994, sustainable consumption and production (SCP) are about “the use of services and related products, which respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life while minimizing the use of natural resources and toxic materials as well as the emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as not to jeopardize the needs of further generations”.
The concept of sustainable consumption and production was recognized in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, adopted in 2002 at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). On that occasion, sustainable consumption and production were identified as one of the three main objectives of, and a fundamental requirement for achieving sustainable development, along with poverty eradication and the management of natural resources. It was acknowledged that there is a need for fundamental changes in the way societies produce and consume, which is indispensable for achieving global sustainable development. While there is a general agreement that sustainable consumption is desirable and important, it is notable that positive attitudes on sustainable consumption might not turn into actual sustainable consumption behaviors. Sustainable consumption can become a reality if consumers are highly committed to, and conscious of, their self-chosen values, and if their consumption motivations follow these values in real shopping situations.
The goal no 12 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aims to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. Paragraph 28 of the 2030 Agenda reads: “We (Countries) commit to making fundamental changes in the way that our societies produce and consume goods and services. Governments, international organizations, the business sector, and other non-state actors and individuals must contribute to changing unsustainable consumption and production patterns, including through the mobilization, from all sources, of financial and technical assistance to strengthen developing countries’ scientific, technological, and innovative capacities to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production. We encourage the implementation of the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production. All countries take action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries”.
For citing this article use:
- P.VIJAYA, ‘A Study on Assessing the Mediating Role of Green Purchase Intentions in Determining the Green Purchase Decisions An Empirical Analysis among the Lifestyle of Health and Sustainability LOHAS Consumers’,.